Initially calling themselves "The No Names" and playing largely instrumental tracks, they soon became "New Order".
In , Psychic TV released "I. Water", a song dedicated to Curtis. Deborah Curtis has written a biographical account of their marriage, Touching from a Distance , which was first published in In , the post-hardcore band Thursday released a song titled "Ian Curtis" on their debut album, Waiting.
The Life of Ian Curtis in The book documents all of his writings and reviews about Joy Division, from their formation until Tony Wilson's death.
The message, which appeared shortly after the singer's death in , is repainted whenever it is painted over. On 10 September , the wall was painted over by Wellington City Council's anti-graffiti team.
A new and improved design, with correct dates and the original "Walk in Silence", was painted on the wall on 27 February In , Curtis was among the British cultural icons selected by artist Peter Blake to appear in a new version of the Beatles' Sgt.
Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band album cover. Curtis was portrayed by Sean Harris in the film 24 Hour Party People , which dramatised the rise and fall of Factory Records from the s to the s.
In , a British Ian Curtis biographical film entitled Control was released. This film was largely based upon Deborah Curtis's book Touching from a Distance.
Sam Riley , the lead singer of the band 10, Things , portrays Curtis, while Samantha Morton plays his wife, Deborah. In , the house in which Curtis committed suicide went on sale.
Upon hearing this news, a fan initiated a campaign via Indiegogo to raise funds to purchase the house with intentions to preserve the property as a museum to Ian Curtis and Joy Division.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about the musician. For the actor, see Ian Curtis actor. For the cricket player, see Ian Curtis cricketer.
Not to be confused with Ian Curteis. Curtis performing live with Joy Division at the Mayflower in Manchester in Post-punk  gothic rock.
Vocals guitar melodica synthesizer. He felt very removed from it. With the epilepsy, he just knew he couldn't carry on with the performances.
He'd sort of hit a pinnacle with Closer , and he knew he couldn't go on. Biography portal Cheshire portal Greater Manchester portal.
He and close friends also regularly stole bottles of spirits from local off licences. His wife later recollected that, following his official diagnosis, he confided in her that, as early as , he had experienced floating sensations as if he had taken drugs when he had not.
On other occasions in the early- and mids, he would have to be supported from venues and premises if disturbed by artificial lights. After he had consumed these tablets, and having written an initial suicide note , which Rob Gretton later disallowed Deborah Curtis to actually view ,  he informed his wife what he had done, and she in turn phoned an ambulance.
Curtis later stated that he had phoned his wife because he feared he had not consumed enough tablets for the attempt to be successful, and that he would be left with brain damage.
Prior to this instance, he did once slash his wrists while drunk, although his bandmates remain unconvinced this attempt was serious.
He also claimed that he could not be so cruel to Annik as to inform her he did not wish to see her again even if his marriage depended upon it.
By the time Curtis had finished writing this suicide note, he stated it was dawn and he could "hear the birds singing". It was important for him to keep up the charade in front of the band in case they tried to dissuade him.
The only reason he was no longer worried about the American trip was because he knew he wasn't going. A replacement, bearing the same inscription was placed in the same location.
In response, he replied: Retrieved 20 July Touching from a Distance. Ian Curtis and Joy Division ed. Retrieved 25 June Retrieved 1 August Retrieved 28 February Retrieved 13 June Retrieved 14 August Retrieved 22 April Retrieved 5 August Retrieved 19 May Retrieved 12 November Retrieved 14 September Retrieved 23 September Retrieved 7 November Retrieved 2 January Retrieved 2 August Retrieved 25 September The Legend of Joy Division".
Retrieved 3 October Retrieved 11 February Retrieved 15 June Retrieved 4 September Punk Rock, Epilepsy and Suicide".
Retrieved 17 August Retrieved 25 April The New York Times. Retrieved 13 September Retrieved 3 July With the Tanks through Belgium and France.
Operation Barbarossa began in the early morning hours of 22 June, at Shortly thereafter, the Soviets initiated a series of fierce counter-attacks, bringing the German advance to an abrupt halt.
The Soviet unit was well equipped with tanks, of which 55 were of the new T and KV-1 types. Reinforced in the afternoon by tanks from 20th Panzer Division 's 21st panzer regiment, General von Funck could fend off probing attacks from the Red Army tanks and pressure the east bank, but decided to delay further advance until his supplies caught up with him.
Having lost 80 of its tanks in its probing attacks against the bridgeheads, the 5th Tank division withdrew in the night to the north-east. Its motorcycle battalion captured the city the following day.
Unlike previous campaigns, when the Red Army positions were outflanked and cut off, the Soviet defenders frequently continued to fight rather than surrender, even though their situation was hopeless.
The stubbornness of the Soviet defenders cost more time and casualties, frustrating the German command. Though creating pockets of resistance, the Soviet command was unable to mount a linear defense, and the vital road and rail communications north east of Minsk were cut on 26 June, only four days into operation Barbarossa.
The following day, the division linked up with 18th Panzer division from Panzer Group 2, trapping the bulk of three Soviet Armies, the 3rd, 10th and 13th, in a vast pocket west of Minsk.
In a three-day dash, the division reached the town of Yartsevo , outflanking Soviet positions around Smolensk and threatening the Soviet 20th Army with encirclement.
Meanwhile, the 29th Motorized division had captured the city of Smolensk from the south, but with substantial elements tied down at Yelnya, 2nd Panzer Group lacked the strength to link up again with 7th Panzer positions.
On 26 July, together with 20th Motorized division, the 7th Panzer division lunged southwards another 20 kilometers  but still could not entirely close the encirclement.
In another week, however, pressure from all sides had squeezed the pocket out of existence and the division was finally relieved by infantry units, and taken out of line for refitting and rest.
The 7th Panzer Division started the campaign with officers and 14, men. Total casualties were 9, In late winter, the division took up positions along a defensive line running Yukhnov-Gzhatsk-Zubtsov.
On 15 March, it took part in fighting against a series of Soviet offensives as part of the Battles of Rzhev.
By 4 April, the division was moved to Vyazma. By May , the division was at a strength of 8, men and officers, most of whom had not been with the unit at the start of the campaign.
As a result, the division was withdrawn to rest and refit in southern France. In mid-May, the division was transported by rail to southern France, where it was assigned to coastal protection duties with the 1st Army under the command of General Hans von Funck.
Hitler had been concerned of an Allied invasion of the continent. On 11 November, the division, as part of Case Anton , was sent to previously Vichy France , to reach the Mediterranean coast between Perpignan and Narbonne.
Assembling in a staging area around Aix-en-Provence , the division prepared for Operation Lila, the seizure of the large French fleet at the naval port of Toulon , to prevent them falling into Allied hands.
For the mission, the division was augmented with units from other divisions, including two armoured groups and a motorcycle battalion from the SS Division Das Reich and a marine detachment called Gumprich after its commander.
Marine Detachment Gumprich was assigned the mission of seizing the French ships before they could sail or be scuttled. However, they were unable to prevent the scuttling of the French fleet in Toulon , and the operation ended in failure.
Afterwards, the division was stationed in a region between Marseille and Avignon. It remained there until January , when the deterioration of the German front in southern Soviet Union necessitated its return to the Eastern Front.
The division checked the Soviet advance on Rostov, maintaining an avenue of escape for the 1st Panzer Army. In the summer of , the division took part in the offensive at Kursk , serving as part of the armoured formations of Army Detachment Kempf as they attempted to screen the eastern flank of the southern German pincer.
The division suffered heavy casualties in this battle, and by the end of the battle 7th Panzer was down to 15 tanks and had an infantry combat strength equivalent to three battalions.
On 20 August , Generalmajor Hasso von Manteuffel took command of the division. The Soviet Steppe front launched a massive attack spearheaded by two tank armies on 3 August The German front west of Belgorod was pierced and forced back.
The 7th Panzer division, attached to the 4th Panzer Army, gradually gave way battling against the Soviet 40th Army.
By nightfall, the attackers had driven 24 kilometers into the Red Army flank [N 3] and isolated the forward elements of the Soviet offensive.
Success was short lived, however, as further Soviet reinforcements advancing behind the lead elements confronted the German counterattack and reduced the combat effectiveness of the Wehrmacht formations.
With this Army Group South withdrew to the line of the Dnieper. Personnel Loses in August for the 7th Panzer division were even higher than in July.
The replacement battalion was disbanded as all capable leaders were needed at the front. Losses in heavy infantry weapons and motor vehicles reduced the division's combat value.
Remaining operational tanks were amalgamated into a single company. The division then fought in the defensive Battle of Kiev and the German counterattack at Zhitomir.
During these battles, the division was twice cited for distinguished conduct. In July , the division was transferred north to the Baltic states and the northern area of Army Group Center in response to the Soviet Baltic Offensive.
The division participated in defensive fighting in Lithuania. The German forces were forced to fall back during the follow-up Memel Offensive , to a defensive perimeter around the coastal town of Memel.
With the Memel bridgehead isolated, the division was relieved by an infantry division and was loaded onto ships and transported by sea out of the pocket, leaving its heavy equipment behind with the German forces still holding.
On 7 November , the remainder of the division was gathered at the training area Aryes in East Prussia and the division was partially reorganized.
Here it formed a reserve for the 2nd Army of Army Group Center. In January, the Soviet 2nd Belorussian Front mounted a massive attack and broke through the defenses of the 2nd Army, which was forced back north and west.
The division crossed the Vistula and then continued in defensive battles for and around Chojnice. In mid-February , the division was pushed back into northern Pomerania.
On 19 April , the surviving men were again taken off by sea, evacuating from the Hel Peninsula. Only a small remnant of the division came back from the Hel Peninsula.
This remnant assembled at the Baltic Sea island of Usedom in western Pomerania and retreated west through Prussia until finally surrendering to the British Army at Schwerin north and west of Berlin in May Historian Raffael Scheck says, "Although there is no evidence incriminating Rommel himself, his unit did fight in areas where German massacres of black French prisoners of war were extremely common in June Showalter claims that there was no massacre at Le Quesnoy.
Although Telp is of the opinion that it was unlikely Rommel approved or even knew about these two incidents . The organisation structure of the 7th Panzer Division of the German Heer May 10, , in preparation to the Battle of France was as follows.
The divisional artillery consisted at this time of 24 towed mm LeFH Light field howitzers. The infantry all traveled by truck or by motorcycle. On assignment to 7th Panzer division, these units were to adopt the Czech 38t in their organization as the main battle tank in their light companies, along with the Pz IV in the medium companies.
The 25th Panzer Regiment had absorbed the 66th Panzer Battalion, which had been the panzer force of the original 2nd Light Division.
By , this unit had become the 3rd Battalion of the 25th Panzer Regiment. Each panzer battalion comprised four companies instead of three, and a third company had been added to the antitank battalion.